Hyaluronic Acid and its skin benefits are widely known in the beauty industry, becoming a real trend in recent years. Skin care markets never stay still and we always come across the latest innovative ingredients that are supposed to do wonders to our skin. Some of them come and go, however, some become strong favourites for many people. Hyaluronic Acid has definitely proven itself to be a top contender and stood the test of time.
What is Hyaluronic acid?
Hyaluronic Acid (hyaluronan) is a non-sulfated glycosaminoglycan, naturally occurring in the human body and distributed through connective and neural tissues. It is also a key component in the skin tissue that acts as a tissue lubricant. In addition to that, It plays an important part in skin repair and the wound healing process. The production of hyaluronan by skin cells degrades with time especially under the exposure to UVB rays. This is one of the reasons why sunburn accelerates the skin aging process. Hyaluronic acid is also found in a number of green vegetables and plant roots.
What does Hyaluronic Acid do?
On top of playing a crucial part in the skin reparative process, Hyaluronic Acid accelerates the production of collagen in skin, and its molecules can retain up to 1000 times its weight in water. This latest property explains its powerful moisturising benefits, as this acid locks in water on top of the skin to keep it well hydrated.
Uses in skin care
The unique properties of Hyaluronan make it a very popular ingredient in skin care formulations. Sodium hyaluronate (the sodium salt of hyaluronic acid) can be found on the ingredients list of anti-aging and healing products. The ability of Hyaluronan molecules to retain water that plumps and hydrates skin as well as its positive effect on collagen production in skin is used to smooth out wrinkles and minimise fine lines. On top of that, it's strong skin reparative and regenerating properties are used to create high potency serums that even out skin tone, keep skin well moisturised and can even help to reduce the appearance of post acne marks and discolourations.
Hyaluronic acid can be found in serums, face creams, eye creams, toners and lotions. There are no known side effects for the topical application of the hyaluronan, but it is always best to perform a patch test of the product, especially if you’ve got sensitive or reactive skin.